Manihot esculenta Crantz

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA=USED PART: raiz y hoja

ACCIÓN FARMACOLÓGICA=PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION: antineoplasico

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA=CHEMICAL COMPOSITION: Parte aereas: se han aislado los glucósidasos cianogenéticos lotaustralina y linamarina.Hojas: las hojas frescascontienen hasta 1,80g del flavonoide querecetina en forma libre.Otros:acetona, acido cianhidrico, ácido oxálico, saponina y triptofano 

ZONA GEOGRÁFICA =GEOGRAFICAL ZONE: America y Africa

Nota de alcance (en)

Uses: itching, antibiotic.                                                 

Origin: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Caribbean, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Gabon, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, India, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, United States, Venezuela.

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Root: Root-starch applied in a plaster soaked with Carapa oil onto shattered muscles. Root-starch mixed with rum and rubbed onto children for abscesses, skin eruptions; in ointment for the fungal dermatitis "tete" in Guyana; grated for cuts. Juice is mildly diuretic. Sugar cane and annatto are employed in an antidote to ingested water which has been poisoned by the soaking roots of this plant.

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Origin: Native to Brazil, cultivated throughout the tropics.

Pharmacological Activities: Antifungal, Antineoplastic, Hepatoprotective, Hypercholesterolaemic, Antithyroidal, and Superoxide dismutase inhibition
Toxicity: Neurotoxic, ... more on the book
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Leaf, root, starch: belly pain, diarrhea, fever, headache

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Origin

Native to Brazil. Major crop in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.

Action:

Staple food for poorer section of the population in many tropical countries. The starch is used for the manufacture of dextose, liquid glucose. The bitter variety is used for treating scabies and weeping skin.

 

Nota bibliográfica

1) ALONSO, Jorge R. Tratado de fitomedicina : bases clínicas y farmacológicas. Buenos Aires : ISIS, 1998, 1040 p.

2) Geraldini , Isanete, Journal of Ethnopharmacology v. 173, 2015 . -- p. 383-423

3) Robertt, A., et al.. Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana)/Smithsonian NMNH. cited online: 17-08-2017.

4) A guide to medicinal plants / Hwee Ling, Koh; Tung Kian, Chua; Chay Hoon, Tan. Singapore:  World vScientific Public Co. Pte. Ltd., 2009. p 289 p.

5) Barret, Bruce Economic Botany vol. 48, nro. 1 .-- p. 8-20 1994

6) Khare, C.P./ Indian Medicinal Plants. -- Nueva Dheli: Springer, 2007 . - p  400.


Manihot esculenta Crantz
Término aceptado: 31-Jul-2015