Cymbopogon citratus (Nees). Stapf.

Nota de alcance

Analgésico, antipirético, sedante, hipotensor: Hojas

-------------

Origen: Esta planta crece en Cenro América y Sur América incluyendo las Antillas.

Usos:
Estomáquico; carminativo; diaforético; expectorante; para el tratamiento de la tos, gripe, resfríos y pulmonía.
--------------

Uso tradicional:
esta planta se usa principalmente para tratar la fiebre y la gripa. Según INVIMA (2000, 2003) sus hojas se usan como antiflatulento.

Método de empleo:
se utilizan los cogollos, ramas y raíz de individuos adultos los cuales son recogidos en cualquier época del año principalmente durante el invierno. Las partes de la planta son machacadas y se prepara una bebida hirviendo la planta en agua o agua de panela, o como infusión.

Origen: Colombia

Nota de alcance (en)

Grass 30 cm, dooryard garden, San Andr6s

An infuson of the leaves, in combination with other plants, is used to treat obesity. The infusion is said to be a bitter tonic and stomachic (Cabrera n.d.; Gonzàlez S. 1979; Linares, Penafiel, and Bye 1988; Martìnez 1969; Sànchez C. 1981).

Uses: boil leaves in water, bathe for fevers or colds. Comerford 22, 30 Jun 1994.

Leaf: belly pain, colds, cough, fever, pressure

-----------

Uses: calmative, depression, blood depurative, stress, hypertension, insonmia, depression, stomach, local pain, digestive problems, stomach, bronchitis, flu, infection in throat, pneumonia.                                                 

Origin: Argentina, Australia, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Borneo, Caribbean, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Gabon Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, India, Mexico, Micronesia Federated States, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Suriname, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela.           

-------------

Whole plant: Used to retard perspiration; ingredient in a Surinam Saramaccan herbal bath.

Root: toxicity Used as contraceptive in NW Guyana.

Leaf: Decoction for coughs, fever, sore throat and grippe. Boiled with Bambusa vulgaris leaves and Zingiber officinale for a liquid drunk to treat fever and ague. Boiled with leaves of Tripogandra serrulata, Persea americana and Scoparia dulcis for tea to treat jaundice. Decocted with Annona glabra leaves and banana-stalk (Musa x paradisiaca) for an emetic and to rid chest of mucus. As a digestive; decoction to reduce or increase perspiration; for urinary conditions involving painful cramps. Used for coughs and colds, fevers, malaria and venereal disease in NW Guyana. Leaves are boiled, and the water drunk as an anti-asthmatic, as an anti-pyretic, as an anti-viral and as a treatment for bronchitis, for colds, for coughing, and for tuberculosis, by the Guyana Patamona. Leaves are boiled, and the water used as a beverage and a tonic, by the Guyana Patamona. Leaves are boiled and the water used as a treatment for influenza, by the Guyana Patamona.

------------

Origin: Native to South Asia, Southeast Asia and Australia.

Pharmacological Activities: Analgesic, Anthelmintic, Antibacterial,  Antifungal, Anticancer/ Antineoplastic, Antimalarial, Antioxidant, Antiplatelet, Hepatoprotective,  Hypoglycaemic, Sedative, Vasorelaxant, Antimutagenic,  Insecticidal and Radioprotective.
---------------

Range. Southern India and Sri Lanka. Cultivated in Myanmar; grows all over, up to 610 m altitude.

Uses. Bitter and astringent in taste, plant is used for heart and throat problems, flatulence and phlegm conditions, sicknesses that cause blood vomiting, cholera, coughs and fevers with chest congestion. It promotes healthy gall bladder function, circulation and digestion.

Whole plant: Crushed and wrapped in a cloth, the plant is pressed over inflamed areas to ease pain. The oil is rubbed vigorously into joints to relieve inflammation. Where malaria is endemic, the oil is heated together with wax to make an ointment used topically as a mosquito repellent.

Stem: Crushed stems mixed with peppercorns are formed into pellets that are ingested daily to cure fever and malaria. Also, the liquid from boiling a handful of stems (without the tips or roots) in water to one-third the starting volume is taken at least three times a day for 3 days to cure jaundice. The juice from lemon grass is also used to treat indigestion and promote appetite.

Nota bibliográfica (en)

1) Nicholson Michael S. ; Arzhennithe, Charles . Economic Botany. vol. 47 . --p. 184-192 1993

2) COMERFORD, Simon C. Economic Botany. vol. 50 . -- p. 327 - 336 1996

3) Barret, Bruce Economic Botany vol. 48, nro. 1 .-- p. 8-20 1994

9) Geraldini , Isanete, Journal of Ethnopharmacology v. 173, 2015 . -- p. 383-423

10) Escalona Cruz, José Luis; et al/ Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales vol. 20, no 4. 2015. p -- 429 - 439

11) A guide to medicinal plants / Hwee Ling, Koh; Tung Kian, Chua; Chay Hoon, Tan. Singapore:  World vScientific Public Co. Pte. Ltd., 2009. p 289 p.

12) Quesada Hernández, Alonso/ Herbario nacional de Costa Rica. Costa Rica: Arena Trans Amèrica, 2008. - p. 61

13) Arango Caro, Sandra /Guía de plantas medicinales de uso común en Salento, Colombia. St. Lois : Missouri Botanical Garden Press., 2004. - p. 71

14) DeFilipps, Robert A.; Krupnick, Gary A. / PhytoKeys, v. 102. - - p. 1 - 314,  2018.

Cymbopogon citratus (Nees). Stapf.
Término aceptado: 15-Feb-2017