Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Swartz.

Nota de alcance

Distribución
Cultivado como ornamental. Cuzco, La Libertad, Loreto, Madre de
Dios, San Martín.

Usos
Corteza Fiebres: la infusión de la corteza y las flores se toma como agua de tiempo.
Hojas Hepatitis: se hace infusión con las hojas y flores y se prepara una cataplasma que se coloca a la altura del hígado.

Toxicidad:
La corteza tiene propiedades abortivas. Evitar su uso en las mujeres embarazadas.

Nota de alcance (en)

Tree 6 m, dooryard garden, San Andrés.

Uses: chop leaves, place in Agua Florida, bathe for fevers. Comerford 41, 8 Jul 1994.

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Root: astringent; for diarrhoea.
Root Toxicity: Bitter, toxic.

Leaf and Flower: Infusion is diuretic.

Leaf, Flower and Seed: For stomach, urinany bladder and kidney problems.

TOXIC:
Leaf and Seed: Infusion is drunk by the Djuka to induce quick, uncomplicated abortion in early pregnancy.

Leaf: Infusion is drunk for kidney stones, and to accelerate childbirth. For a febrifuge, tonic, excitant, emmenagogue. Leaves of the yellow-flowered form, f. flava (Bailey & Rehder) DeFilipps, Ornamental Garden Plants of the Guianas 85 (1992), are used in Surinam for stomachache.
Leaf Toxicity: possibly an abortive at a certain dosage

Flower: Febrifuge; infusion drunk as a tea for gall bladder problems in Surinam. Fresh flowers are sudorific. Those of the red-flowered form (f. pulcherrima) are used in Surinam for urinary tract problems.

Seed: Pectoral.
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Range. Original range variously ascribed to tropical America or tropical Asia.

Uses
Bark: Used as an astringent.

Leaf: Used as a purgative and emmenagogue.
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Origin:
Cultivated in gardens throughout India.

Action:
Leaves—laxative, antipyretic. Used in Eastern India as a substitute for senna. Dried and powdered leaves are used in erysipelas.
Flowers—anthelmintic. Also used for cough and catarrh.
Root—a decoction is prescribed in intermittent fevers.
Bark— emmenagogue,

Toxicity:
Bark— abortifacient.

Nota bibliográfica (en)

1) COMERFORD, Simon C. Economic Botany. vol. 50 . -- p. 327 - 336 1996

2) Robertt, A., et al.. Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana)/Smithsonian NMNH. cited online: 17-08-2017.

3) Mejía, Kember; Rengifo, Eisa /Plantas medicinales de uso popular en la Amazonía Peruana.-- Lima : Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional, 2000. -- p. 286

4) DeFilipps, Robert A.; Krupnick, Gary A. / PhytoKeys, v. 102. - - p. 1 - 314,  2018.

5) Khare, C.P./ Indian Medicinal Plants. -- Nueva Dheli: Springer, 2007 . - p. 836.

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Swartz.
Término aceptado: 22-Feb-2017