Azadirachta indica A. Juss

Nota de alcance

Parte empleada: hoja.
Usos: diabetes.
Preparación: hervir en dos litros de agua 10 hojas y tomar como agua de tiempo.

Nota de alcance (en)

Uses: itching, diabetec, cancer, local pain, gastritis, worm, cough, blood depurative.                                                 

Origin: Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, India, Pakistan, United States, Venezuela.  

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Stem, Leaf and Flower: Abortive

Stem: Bark decoction for malarial fever.

Leaf: Infusion to combat fever and intestinal worms; decoction as a bitter tonic for diabetes and jaundice; leaves used in a bath for measles; leaves are spread on a patient's bed to relieve itching.
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Origin: A native of India and China, cultivated and naturalised throughout
India, Malay Peninsula, Indonesia and Pakistan.

Pharmacological Activities: General review. Antibacterial, Anticancer, Anticarcinogenic, Anticarcinogenic, ... more on the book
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Range. Tropical Asia; also cultivated. Grows naturally in the hot regions of My­anmar.

Uses
Whole plant: Bitter in taste, hot and sharp when digested, and with cooling properties, the flowers, sap, oil, bark, leaves, fruits, stems, and twigs are known to dis­pel gas, phlegm, and bile.

Sap: Used in making tonics and digestives. The oil, which is applied topically for itching and rashes, is ingested for deworming.

Gum: Used as a de­mulcent and tonic.

Bark: Used as a tonic. Also, made into a paste and taken with salt to reduce fever. The inner bark is also made into a paste but applied topically to  alleviate joint aches and pains. A decoction of the bark reduced to one-third its starting volume is used as a mouthwash to relieve toothaches.

Leaf, Bark, and Oil: Used in treatment of skin diseases; also, as a tonic, anthelmintic, and insecticide.

Leaf: Crushed leaves are made into a poultice applied as a remedy for scabies and boils. A decoction of the leaves is used as a wash to alleviate rashes, itching, and bumps on the skin. Their juice is used as an eyewash, and to relieve itching and heat. Powdered after roasting until charred leaves are mixed with salt and used daily as toothpaste to prevent toothaches, as well as to whiten and strengthen teeth; the bare twigs are used as toothpicks to help keep the teeth clean. Pulped leaves are applied to psora and other pustular eruptions.

Oil, Leaf and Fruit: Utilized as a local stimulant and as an insecticide.

Flower: Used as a stomachic; also, inhaled to alleviate dizziness.

Fruit: Eaten daily as a remedy for urinary infections.

Nota bibliográfica (en)

1) Geraldini , Isanete, Journal of Ethnopharmacology v. 173, 2015 . -- p. 383-423

2) Robertt, A., et al.. Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana)/Smithsonian NMNH. cited online: 17-08-2017

3) Plantas medicinales de La Matamba y El Piñonal, municipio de Jamapa, Veracruz/ Escamilla Pérez, Blanca Edith; Moreno Casaola, Patricia. INECOL: Mexico, 2015, 99p.

4) A guide to medicinal plants / Hwee Ling, Koh; Tung Kian, Chua; Chay Hoon, Tan. Singapore:  World vScientific Public Co. Pte. Ltd., 2009. p 289 p.

5) DeFilipps, Robert A.; Krupnick, Gary A. / PhytoKeys, v. 102. - - p. 1 - 314,  2018.

Azadirachta indica A. Juss
Término aceptado: 21-Jun-2017