Canna coccinea Mill.

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Hojas, rizomas.

ACCIÓN FARMACOLÓGICA= Pharmacological action: Antirreumático (hojas), diurético, antiasmático, emoliente (rizoma).

ZONA GEOGRÁFICA= Geografical zone: América tropical. 

Nota de alcance

ÚLTIMOS AVANCES EN LA QUÍMICA Y ACTIVIDADES BACTERIOLÓGICAS EN LAS PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants, last advances on chemistry and bacteria activities on the medicinal herbs

The nutritional value of wild underexploited vegetable samples collected in the Argentine Chaco was investigated.  Leaves from Hipochaeris sp.-, Coronopus didimus and Portulaca olearacea; fruits from Zyziphus sativa, Brumelia obtusifolia and Eugenia uniflora; and roots of Canna coccinea were included in this work; several separate samples being taken at least during two consecutive harvesting seasons.  Values for moisture, protein, total lipids, crude fiber, ash, reducing and total sugars, starch, total pectins and energy are given.  Mineral micronutrient contents are reported for calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron and phosphorus, as well as vitamin values (ascorbic acid and beta-carotene).  Higher concentrations of macronutrients were found in the leafy vegetables (32-50 Kcal/100 g) than in commercially exploited cultivars (14-30 Kcal/100 g), as shown by an increased energy value, the protein content of Portulaca olearacea (3.74 g/100 g) being highly remarkable.  Unusually high micronutrient figures were also determined in Coronopus didimus, with 172.3; 3.98, and 46.7 mg/100 g, for calcium, iron and magnesium, respectively.  In general, fruits also showed higher macronutrient contents, with the exception of proteins, with less but constant values (1.58 to 1.74 g/100 g), although contributing more energy than commercial cultivars (70 to 147 Kcal/100 g).  Equally important proved to be the provitamin A content in Eugenia uniflora (11.98 mg/100 g).  Roots of Canna coccinea revealed the lowest energy value (34 Kcal/100 g) but surprisingly, the highest content of phosphorus of all the species under study.

Nota bibliográfica

1) TOURSARKISSIAN, Martín. Plantas medicinales de Argentina : sus nombres botánicos, vulgares, usos y distribución geográfica. Buenos Aires : Hemisferio Sur, 1980, p.20.

2) Freyre, M R., et al. Suitability of wild underexploited vegetables from the Argentine Chaco as a food resource.  Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición. 2000, vol.50, nº4, p.394-399.

Canna coccinea Mill.
Término aceptado: 11-Sep-2007