Capparis speciosa Gris.

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Hojas.

ACCIÓN FARMACOLÓGICA= Pharmacological action: Tiene acción sobre abcesos, sedante (baño).

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: Seven Capparis species growing in Argentina were investigated for their leaf flavonoid aglycon pattern. Six flavonol aglycons were isolated and identified as kaempferol, quercetin, isorhamnetin, and their 7-O-Me derivs.: rhamnocitrin, rhamnetin, and rhamnazin, resp. This is the first report of methylated flavonoids in the genus Capparis.

ZONA GEOGRÁFICA= Geografical zone: Argentina. 

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs

The phylogenetic relationships in Capparaceae and Cleomaceae were examd. using two plastid genes, ndhF and matK, to address outstanding systematic questions in the two families.  Specifically, the monophyly of the two type genera, Capparis and Cleome, has recently been questioned.  Capparaceae and Cleomaceae were broadly sampled to assess the generic circumscriptions of both genera, which house the majority of species for each family.  Phylogenetic reconstructions using max. parsimony and max. likelihood methods strongly contradict monophyly for both type genera.  Within Capparaceae, Capparis is diphyletic: the sampled species belong to two of the five major lineages recovered in the family, which corresponds with their geog. distribution.  One lineage contains all sampled New World Capparis and four other genera (Atamisquea, Belencita, Morisonia, and Steriphoma) that are distributed exclusively in the New World.  The other lineage contains Capparis species from the Old World and Australasia, as well as the Australian genus, Apophyllum.  Species of Cleome are scattered across each of four major lineages identified within Cleomaceae: (i) Cleome in part, Dactylaena, Dipterygium, Gynandropsis, Podandrogyne, and Polanisia; (ii) Cleome droserifolia (Forssk.).  Del.; (iii) Cleome arabica L., and Cleome ornithopodioides L.; and (iv) Cleome in part, Cleomella, Isomeris, Oxystylis, and Wislizenia.  Resoln. within and among these major clades of Cleomaceae is limited, and there is no clear correspondence of clades with geog. distribution.  Within each family, morphol. support and taxonomic implications of the mol.-based clades are discussed.

Nota bibliográfica

1) TOURSARKISSIAN, Martín. Plantas medicinales de Argentina : sus nombres botánicos, vulgares, usos y distribución geográfica. Buenos Aires : Hemisferio Sur, 1980, p.21.

2) PELOTTO, Juan P.; DEL PERO Martínez, Maria A. Flavonoid aglycons from Argentinian Capparis species (Capparaceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 1998, vol.26, nº5, p.577-580.
3) HALL, Jocelyn C. Systematics of Capparaceae and Cleomaceae: an evaluation of the generic delimitations of Capparis and Cleome using plastid DNA sequence data. Botany. 2008, vol.86, nº7, p.682-696.

Capparis speciosa Gris.
Término aceptado: 12-Sep-2007