Calystegia sepium (L) R. Br var americana (Sims)

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part : Raíz.

ACCIÓN FARMACOLÓGICA= Pharmacological action: Purgante.

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: Compounds Glycoretines: polymeric, resinous glycosides of hydroxy fatty acids (C12-C16) with oligosaccharides; the hydroxyl groups have been esterified with acetic, propionic, isobutyric and valeric acids, among others.

ZONA GEOGRÁFICA= Geografical zone: Cono Sur.

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs:

The present study was conducted to find useful weed species for cadmium (Cd) phytoremediation. Ninety-three weed species and eight crop species were grown for 2 months in pots containing sandy loam soil with 3 mg Cd kg-1 dry weight (DW). The Cd concentrations in the shoots and roots of all species were determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy and atomic absorption spectrometry. Shoot Cd concentrations (mg kg-1 DW) of Cichorium intybus (77.0) and Matricaria chamomilla (64.4) were higher than that of Polygonum thunbergii (56.2), which is a recognized hyperaccumulator. Root Cd concentrations (mg kg-1 DW) were relatively high (>- 100) in 11 species, for example, Oenothera biennis (171.9), Calystegia sepium var. americana (122.6) and Cassia obtusifolia (122.2). Shoot-root ratios (ratio of shoot and root Cd concentrations) were higher in Compositae species, for example, Cichorium intybus (3.56) and Bidens frondosa (3.30), than in Gramineae species, for example, Oenothera biennis (0.01), Oryza sativa cv. Milyang 42 (0.02) and Coix lacryma-jobi (0.03). Twelve species, for example, Cyperus brevifolius var. leiolepis (50.0), Polygonum thunbergii (49.7) and Bidens frondosa (40.5), had relatively high plant contents of Cd (>- 20.0 ug plant-1). These results suggest that: (1) Cichorium intybus and Matricaria chamomilla accumulate high shoot Cd concentrations, (2) Oenothera biennis, Calystegia sepium and Cassia obtusifolia accumulate high root Cd concentrations, (3) Compositae species are better able than Gramineae species to translocate Cd from roots to shoots. As both plant biomass and Cd concentration are related to Cd content, it was concluded that Bidens frondosa, Bidens pilosa and Amaranthus viridis, which not only have a high Cd accumulation ability but also a large biomass, are useful species for Cd phytoremediation. © 2008 Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition.

Nota bibliográfica

1) TOURSARKISSIAN, Martín. Plantas medicinales de Argentina : sus nombres botánicos, vulgares, usos y distribución geográfica. Buenos Aires : Hemisferio Sur, 1980, p.43.

2) PDR for herbal medicines .  4th ed. Montvale: Thomson Healthcare Inc., 2007. p. 411.

3) Abe, T. ; Fukami, M. ; Ogasawara, M. Cadmium accumulation in the shoots and roots of 93 weed species. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. v. 54  nº4, 566-573. 2008.

Calystegia sepium (L) R. Br var americana (Sims)
Término aceptado: 25-Sep-2007