Hordeum vulgare L.

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Granos.

ACCION FARMACOLOGICA= Pharmacological action: Emoliente, sedante, digestivo y antifebrífugo.

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: Chemicals (+)-CORYDINE Root: DUKE1992A ; (+)-GLAUCINE Root: DUKE1992A ; (R)-EPI-HETERODENDRIN Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; 1,4-BENZOQUINONE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; 1-(3-AMINO-PROPYL)-PYROLLINIUM Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; 28-ISOFUCOSTEROL Seed: DUKE1992A ; 3-HYDROXY-MUGENIC-ACID Root: DUKE1992A ; 5,7-DIHYDROXY-3',4',5'-TRIMETHOXY-FLAVONE Shoot: DUKE1992A; 5-HYDROXY-TRANS-FERULIC-ACID Plant: DUKE1992A ; ACONOTIC-ACID Root: DUKE1992A ; ALPHA-ALLOCRYPTOPINE Root: DUKE1992A ; ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL Seed 3 - 11 ppm DUKE1992A ; ALPHA-TOCOQUINONE Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ALUMINUM Seed 7 ppm; DUKE1992A Stem 212 ppm; DUKE1992A ; AMMONIA(NH3) Seed 8,130 ppm; DUKE1992A ; APIGENIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ARSENIC Sprout Seedling 0.01 ppm; DUKE1992A ; ASCORBIC-ACID Seed: DUKE1992A Stem 3,300 ppm; DUKE1992A ; ASH Plant 61,000 - 235,000 ppm DUKE1992A Seed 9,000 - 132,000 ppm DUKE1992A Stem 81,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; BETA-CAROTENE Plant 149 - 660 ppm DUKE1992A Seed 1 ppm; DUKE1992A Stem 312 ppm; DUKE1992A ; BETA-SITOSTEROL Plant: DUKE1992A ; BETAINE Root 234 ppm; DUKE1992A Shoot 1.8 ppm; DUKE1992A ; BIOTIN Seed 0.088 - 0.902 ppm DUKE1992A ; BORON Seed 2 - 6 ppm DUKE1992A ; CAFFEIC-ACID Seed: DUKE1992A ; CALCIUM Plant 800 - 10,400 ppm DUKE1992A Seed 160 - 4,100 ppm DUKE1992A Sprout Seedling 720 ppm; DUKE1992A Stem 11,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; CALMODULIN Cotyledon: DUKE1992A ; CANDICINE Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; CARBOHYDRATES Plant 265,000 - 785,000 ppm DUKE1992A Seed 608,000 - 868,000 ppm DUKE1992A Stem 801,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; CATECHIN Leaf: DUKE1992A ; CELLULOSE Plant 190,000 - 322,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; CHLOROGENIC-ACID Seed: DUKE1992A ; CHOLINE Seed 928 - 1,617 ppm DUKE1992A ; CHROMIUM Stem 31 ppm; DUKE1992A ; CHRYSOERIOL-7-GALACTOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; CHRYSOERIOL-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; CITRININ Seed: DUKE1992A ; COBALT Stem 49 ppm; DUKE1992A ; COPPER Seed 1 - 20 ppm DUKE1992A Sprout Seedling 8 ppm; DUKE1992A; COUMARIN Plant: DUKE1992A ; CYANIDIN-3-ARABINOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; CYANIDIN-3-GLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; CYSTATHIONE Sprout Seedling 0.07 ppm; DUKE1992A ; CYSTINE Seed 1,000 - 2,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; DIAMINO-PROPANE Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; DICENTRINE Root: DUKE1992A ; DIETHYL-AMINE Seed 5.7 ppm; DUKE1992A ; DIMETHYL-AMINE Seed 1.6 ppm; DUKE1992A ; EPIHETERODENDRIN Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; ESCULETIN Plant: DUKE1992A ; ESCULIN Plant: DUKE1992A ; ETHYL-AMINE Seed 3.4 ppm; DUKE1992A ; FAT Plant 19,000 - 64,000 ppm DUKE1992A Seed 5,000 - 55,000 ppm DUKE1992A Stem 29,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; FERULIC-ACID Seed: DUKE1992A ; FIBER Plant 128,000 - 446,000 ppm DUKE1992A Seed 5,000 - 151,000 ppm DUKE1992A Stem 134,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; FOLACIN Seed 1.48 ppm; DUKE1992A ; FRUCTOSE Seed: DUKE1992A ; GIBBERELLINS Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; GLAUCENTRINE Root: DUKE1992A ; GLUCODIFRUCTOSE Seed: DUKE1992A ; GLUCOSE Seed: DUKE1992A ; GLUTAMIC-ACID Seed 32,000 - 38,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; GRAMINE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; HERNIARIN Plant: DUKE1992A ; HEXACOSAN-1-AL Leaf: DUKE1992A ; HEXACOSAN-1-OL Leaf: DUKE1992A ; HORDENINE Sprout Seedling 63 ppm; DUKE1992A ; HORSATINE Plant: DUKE1992A ; HYDROXAMIC-ACID Leaf: DUKE1992A ; INDOLE-3-CARBOXYLIC-ACID Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; IRON Seed 40 - 100 ppm DUKE1992A Sprout Seedling 100 ppm; DUKE1992A Stem 160 ppm; DUKE1992A ; ISOORIENTIN Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ISOORIENTIN-3'-METHYL-ETHER Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ISOORIENTIN-7-ARABINOSYL-GLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ISOORIENTIN-7-FERULYL-GLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ISOORIENTIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ISOORIENTIN-7-RHAMNOGLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ISOVITEXIN Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ISOVITEXIN-7-DIGLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ISOVITEXIN-7-O-BETA-D-DIGLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ISOVITEXIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; JASMONIC-ACID Fruit: DUKE1992A ; LEUCOCYANIDIN Leaf: DUKE1992A ; LIGNIN Plant 15,000 - 77,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 2,185 - 24,035 ppm DUKE1992A ; LINOLENIC-ACID Seed 22 - 242 ppm DUKE1992A ; LUTEIN Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; LUTEOLIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; LUTONARINE Plant: DUKE1992A ; LUTONARINE-3'-METHYLETHER Plant: DUKE1992A ; MAGNESIUM Seed 100 - 2,300 ppm DUKE1992A Sprout Seedling 1,670 ppm; DUKE1992A Stem 2,250 ppm; DUKE1992A ; MALTOSE Seed: DUKE1992A ; MANGANESE Seed 2 - 120 ppm DUKE1992A Sprout Seedling 26 ppm; DUKE1992A Stem 60 ppm; DUKE1992A ; MANNITOL Root: DUKE1992A ; MERCURY Sprout Seedling 0.07 ppm; DUKE1992A ; METHIONINE Seed 1,000 - 4,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; METHYL-AMINE Seed 4.5 ppm; DUKE1992A ; MUGINEIC-ACID Root: DUKE1992A ; N-METHYL-TYRAMINE Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; NEOXANTHIN Plant: DUKE1992A ; NIACIN Seed 17 - 115 ppm DUKE1992A Stem: DUKE1992A ; O-HYDROXYCINNAMIC-ACID Seed: DUKE1992A ; OCHROTOXIN-A Seed: DUKE1992A ; OLEIC-ACID Seed 1,325 - 14,575 ppm DUKE1992A ; ORIENTIN Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ORIENTIN-7-O-GLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ORYZANOL Plant: DUKE1992A ; P-COUMARIC-ACID Seed: DUKE1992A ; P-COUMAROYL-AGMATINE Shoot 2 - 3 ppm DUKE1992A ; P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID Seed: DUKE1992A ; P-OXYBENZOIC-ACID Plant: DUKE1992A ; P-OXYCINNAMIC-ACID Plant: DUKE1992A ; PALMITIC-ACID Seed 370 - 4,070 ppm DUKE1992A ; PALMITOLEIC-ACID Leaf: DUKE1992A ; PANTOTHENIC-ACID Seed 2 - 12 ppm DUKE1992A ; PENTOSANS Plant 83,000 - 239,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; PHOSPHORUS Plant 2,300 - 6,900 ppm DUKE1992A Seed 1,890 - 9,200 ppm DUKE1992A Stem 5,950 ppm; DUKE1992A ; PHYTIN Seed 12,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; PIPERIDINE Seed 1 ppm; DUKE1992A ; PLASTOHYDROQUINONE-9 Leaf: DUKE1992A ; PLASTOQUINONE Plant: DUKE1992A ; POTASSIUM Plant 19,880 - 44,000 ppm DUKE1992A Seed 1,600 - 9,900 ppm DUKE1992A Sprout Seedling 6,130 ppm; DUKE1992A Stem 25,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; PROCYANIDIN-B-3 Seed: DUKE1992A ; PRODELPHINIDIN-B-3 Seed: DUKE1992A ; PRODELPHINIDIN-B-3-DIMER Seed: DUKE1992A ; PROLINE Root 57 - 219 ppm DUKE1992A ; PROPELARGONIDIN-DIMER Seed: DUKE1992A ; PROTEIN Plant 25,000 - 344,000 ppm DUKE1992A Seed 82,000 - 212,000 ppm DUKE1992A Stem 89,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; PROTOCHLOROPHYLL Leaf: DUKE1992A ; PUTRESCINE Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; PYRIDOXINE Seed 11 ppm; DUKE1992A ; PYRROLIDINE Seed 0.9 ppm; DUKE1992A ; RAFFINOSE Seed: DUKE1992A ; RIBOFLAVIN Seed 1 - 9 ppm DUKE1992A Stem 27 - 28 ppm DUKE1992A ; SAPONARIN Leaf: DUKE1992A ; SCOPOLETIN Plant: DUKE1992A ; SELENIUM Stem: DUKE1992A ; SERINE Seed 5,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; SILICON Stem 34 ppm; DUKE1992A ; SILICON-DIOXIDE Seed 5,000 - 9,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; SINAPIC-ACID Plant: DUKE1992A ; SODIUM Sprout Seedling 256 ppm; DUKE1992A Stem 2,240 ppm; DUKE1992A ; STARCH Seed 620,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; STEARIC-ACID Seed 130 - 1,430 ppm DUKE1992A; STIGMASTEROL Plant: DUKE1992A ; SULFUR Seed 200 ppm; DUKE1992A ; SYRINGIC-ACID Plant: DUKE1992A ; THIAMIN Seed 1 - 10 ppm DUKE1992A Stem 13 ppm; DUKE1992A TIN Stem 12 ppm; DUKE1992A ; TOCOPHEROLS Seed 56 - 71 ppm DUKE1992A ; TRANS-FERULIC-ACID Plant: DUKE1992A ; TRICIN Shoot: DUKE1992A ; TRICIN-7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; TRIGONELLINE Seed 9 ppm; DUKE1992A ; TRYPTOPHAN Seed 1,000 - 3,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; TYRAMINE Sprout Seedling 26 ppm; DUKE1992A ; TYROSINE Seed 2,000 - 6,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; UBIQUINONE Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; UMBELLIFERONE Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; VALINE Seed 6,000 - 9,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; VANILLIC-ACID Fruit: DUKE1992A ; VIOLAXANTHIN Sprout Seedling: DUKE1992A ; VIT-K-1 Leaf: DUKE1992A ; VITEXIN-7-O-BETA-D-DIGLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; VITEXIN-7-RHAMNOGLUCOSIDE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; WATER Plant 883,000 ppm; DUKE1992A Seed 6,000 - 178,000 ppm DUKE1992A Stem 860,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; WAX Leaf: DUKE1992A ZINC Seed 20 - 30 ppm DUKE1992A Sprout Seedling 20 ppm; DUKE1992A Stem 21 ppm; DUKE1992A ppm = parts per million tr = trace

ZONA GEOGRAFICA= Geografical zone: Uruguay. 

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs:

Micro-fluidic capillary electrophoresis methodology was developed to analyse grain DNA composition, thus to provide unequivocal distinction between varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). This 'Lab-on-a-chip' technology complements protein composition analysis by micro-fluidic capillary electrophoresis, which is already in routine use for variety identification. Whereas it had been difficult to distinguish between some varieties by protein analysis using the Lab-on-a-chip system, distinctions proved to be possible using a combination of DNA extraction and microsatellite analysis, taking advantage of the speed and convenience of DNA chips. Several combinations of microsatellites permitted the DNA analysis system to provide distinction between two wheat varieties and between all but two (Chebec and Schooner) of the main eleven Australian barley varieties (Arapiles, Baudin, Barque, Chebec, Gairdner, Grimmett, Lindwall, Parwan, Schooner, Skiff and Sloop). Crown Copyright © 2009.

Nota bibliográfica

1) GONZALEZ, Matías ; LOMBARDO, Atilio ; VALLARINO, Aida.-- Plantas de la medicina vulgar del Uruguay.-- Montevideo : Talleres Gráficos, 1937, p.38.

2) Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases [en línea]. [Consulta: 27 de noviembre 2008].Disponible en:http://www.ars-grin.gov/duke/

3) Tran-Dinh, N.Carole, M.Uthayakumaran, S.Batey, I.L.Wrigley, C.W.Rapid DNA-based identification of wheat and barley varieties. Journal of Cereal Science. 2009,vol. 50, nº3, p. 388-391.

Hordeum vulgare L.
Término aceptado: 17-Oct-2007