Prosopis ruscifolia Griseb.

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Hojas.

ACCION FARMACOLOGICA: Antioftálmico.

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Pharmacological action: Cassine, N-methylcassine, and eleagnine were sepd. from Prosopis ruscifolia, P. alpataco, and P. sericantha bark ext. by thin-layer and column chromatog. and identified by IR and NMR spectrometry.

ZONA GEOGRAFICA= Geografical zone: Paraguay y N de Argentina. 

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs:

Prosopis species constitute a very important resource in arid and semiarid regions. Some species of section Algarobia hybridise and introgress naturally in areas of sympatry. According to previous isoenzymatic studies these species have high variability within populations. However, the genetic differentiation among species was very low, and these markers failed to provide diagnostic loci for species recognition. Here we analysed by the RAPD technique natural populations of Prosopis alba, P. ruscifolia, P. nigra, P. flexuosa, and P. vinalillo with the purpose of obtaining markers for species and hybrid identification, by analysing the distribution of genetic diversity within and among species. Genetic variability (H = 0.12-0.26) was similar in all populations. Genetic differentiation among populations (FST = 0.39) was highly significant. Hierarchical analysis of genetic structure performed by Wright (1978) method and analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) indicated that the diversity among populations within species is low (4-13%) and most genetic diversity (54-61%) occurs within populations. The differentiation among species is intermediate (26-42%) between the previous components but highly significant. Five bands provided a tool for identifying any of the species studied, with the exception of P. vinalillo. The difficulty in diagnosing this species is discussed in reference to the hypothesis of its hybrid origin.

Nota bibliográfica

1) TOURSARKISSIAN, Martín.Plantas medicinales de Argentina : sus nombres botánicos, vulgares, usos y distribución geográfica. Buenos Aires : Hemisferio Sur, 1980, p.74 .

2) CHIALE, C. A., et al. First report on RAPDs patterns able to differentiate some Argentinean species of section Algarobia (Prosopis, Leguminosae) . Genetica. 2004, vol.121, nº1, p.33-42.
 

Prosopis ruscifolia Griseb.
Término aceptado: 06-Nov-2007