Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell) Bren. var. cebil _(Gris.) Reis Altschul

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Corteza.

ACCION FARMACOLOGICA= Pharmacological action: Astringente, depurativo, hemostático.

ZONA GEOGRAFICA= Geografical zone: Argentina. 

Nota de alcance (en)

Summary
Cebil (Anadenanthera colubrina – Leguminoseae) is a large tree that grows in certain areas of Northern Argentina and Southeastern Brazil. From an ethnobotanical point of view, the use of snuffs prepared from the seeds has been of extreme importance during indigenous ceremonies and rituals throughout the region in the past, mostly due to their high content of psychoactive principles (tryptamine and derivative alkaloids). This fact could be of great interest to the field of psychiatry, considering that better known psychedelic plants such as peyote and ayahuasca are already being used in the treatment of patients with addictions. Although of less importance, it is interesting to point out that some extracts and components of A. colubrina have also shown antiinflammatory activity, besides stimulating phagocytosis.

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Origin

Latin America

Folk medicinal uses

The bark is the part of the tree most used in folk medicine. A decoction of grated bark is taken for liver complaints. A decoction of the bark is taken as a cure for gonorrhea, leucorrhea and as a depurative for the blood. A decoction of the bark and resin is used for gargling as a cure for pyorrhea, while a decoction of bark is used for washing to treat leucorrhea and ovarian infection.

bark and resin---- A syrup made from the bark and resin is taken for bronchitis and quinsy.

Seeds---- A snuff made from the seeds is taken in small quantities as a cure for headaches, colds and coughs.

Nota bibliográfica

1) ALONSO, Jorge ; DESMARCHELIER, Cristian. Plantas medicinales autóctonas de la Argentina : bases científicas para su aplicación en atención primaria de la salud. Buenos Aires : L.O.L.A,1980, p.136-139.

2) Plantas medicinales autóctonas de la Argentina. Bases científicas para su aplicación en atención primaria de la salud / Jorge Alonso y Cristian Jorge Desmarchelier. - 1a ed. - Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires: Corpus Libros Médicos y Científicos, 2015.

3) Some medicinal forest plants of Africa and Latin America 67/ FAO. – FAO: Rome, 1986. – p. 56.

Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell) Bren. var. cebil _(Gris.) Reis Altschul
Término aceptado: 08-Nov-2007