Myroxylon peruiferum L. fil.

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Corteza.

ACCION FARMACOLOGICA= Pharmacological action: Anticatarral.

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: A resina (bálsamo) contém na sua composiçao 50-64% de óleo volátil e 20-28% de resina. O óleo volátil contém como ingredientes activos, ésteres dos ácidos benzóico e ciánico, bem como pequenas quantidades de nerolidol e ácidos benzóico e ciánico livres.

ZONA GEOGRAFICA= Geografical zone: NE de Argentina, Brasil. 

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs:

Because of the great degradation of the tropical forest in Brazil and in São Paulo State, the São Paulo Forestry Institute, in the last decades, has established trials where the populations are avaliated on their potential to ex situ genetic conservation. One of the species which has been is the "cabreúva" - Myroxylon peruiferum L.f. Allemão (Papilonoideae), a late secondary tree species widely distributed in Brazil and of great potential in the national and international wood market. The analysis of mean of height, mean annual growth and diameter at breast height (DBH) and field observations gave evidence of the slow growth. The variances analysis for height the trees showed significant genetic variation in "F" test for all ages studied. This result together with the coefficient of genetic variation, fenotipic variation within the plots and, heritability, that were very high for all the DBH and height on the ages studied, allow to be concluded that this material has a good potential for ex situ conservation and also for future utilization as a seed source for genetic improvement.

Nota de alcance (en)

Bark: Bark is scraped and boiled and the water drunk for colds and diarrhea, by the Guyana Patamona.

Fruit: Crushed fruits are used as an inhalant for treating asthma, by the Guyana Patamona. Fruits are strung in a necklace and worn around the neck so that their odor can be inhaled to clear the nasal and respiratory system as a treatment for colds, by the Guyana Patamona.

Nota bibliográfica

1) TOURSARKISSIAN, Martín. Plantas medicinales de Argentina : sus nombres botánicos, vulgares, usos y distribución geográfica. Buenos Aires : Hemisferio Sur, 1980, pp.72-73.

2) LORENZI, Harri; MATOS, José de Abreu. Plantas medicinais no brasil: nativas e exóticas  Nova Odessa, SP: Instituto Plantarum, 2002. p. 309.

3) SEBBENN, A.M., et al. Genetic parameters in the conservation of Cabreuva - Myroxylon peruiferum L.F. Allemão [Parâmetros genéticos na conservação da cabreúva - Myroxylon peruiferum L.F. Allemão] . Scientia Forestalis/Forest Sciences. 1998, vol.54, p.31-38.

4) Robertt, A., et al.. Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana)/Smithsonian NMNH. cited online: 17-08-2017

Myroxylon peruiferum L. fil.
Término aceptado: 08-Nov-2007