Crotalaria pilosa Mill.

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Flores.

ACCION FARMACOLOGICA= Pharmacological action: Emoliente.

ZONA GEOGRAFICA= Geografical zone: Paraguay y NE de Argentina. 

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs:

Gas chromatog.-mass spectrometry anal. of seeds from 28 species of Crotalaria from Brazil (sections Calycinae, Crotalaria, Chrysocalycinae and Hedriocarpae) showed that pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are important as chemotaxonomic markers at the infrageneric level.  The sections Calycinae and Crotalaria were characterized by 11-membered macrocyclic monocrotaline-type PAs.  In the section Chrysocalycinae, a single species in the subsection Incanae, C. incana, showed integerrimine, a 12-membered macrocyclic senecionine-type, as main PA.  The group close to the subsection Stipulosae (C. micans and C. maypurensis) showed distinctive PA patterns: C. micans presented mainly the 12-membered macrocyclic integerrimine, and C. maypurensis the unusual 7-hydroxy-1-methylene-8-pyrrolizidine.  In the group close to the subsection Glaucae, the PAs with otonecine as the necine base were the main alkaloids, except in C. rufipila which showed an assamicadine-like PA (monocrotaline-type).  The section Hedriocarpae showed main 12-membered macrocyclic senecionine-type PAs.  

Nota bibliográfica

1) TOURSARKISSIAN, Martín. Plantas medicinales de Argentina : sus nombres botánicos, vulgares, usos y distribución geográfica. Buenos Aires : Hemisferio Sur, 1980, p.70.

2) FLORES, Andreia Silva; TOZZI, Ana Maria Goulart de Azevedo; TRIGO, Jose Roberto.  Pyrrolizidine alkaloid profiles in  Crotalaria  species from Brazil: Chemotaxonomic significance. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 2009, vol.37, nº4, p.459-469.

Crotalaria pilosa Mill.
Término aceptado: 08-Nov-2007