Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br.

Nota de alcance (en)

Range. China, Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; also Tropical Australia and Africa. In My­anmar, found in Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Shan, Taninthayi, and Yangon. Grows natu­rally in the plains and on low hills, particularly in Lower Myanmar.

Uses
Bark: Used to treat asthma, heart disease, for chronic ulcers, and other ail ments. The powder mixed with ginger is given to new mothers the first day after birthing to cleanse the blood and promote lactation. Bark paste is applied to boils and other sores to minimize inflammation and hasten healing. A bark extract made with boiling water and then mixed with Cinnamomum obtusifolium seed powder is sipped to expel intestinal parasites, such as threadworms and roundworms. Reduced to one-third the starting vol­ume, a boiled-water bark extract is consumed to treat lung disease, sour stomach, paraly­sis, cerebral palsy, heart disease, asthma, fever, shooting pain, and stomachache. Remedies made from the components of the Devil’s tree are known for stimulating the circulatory and respiratory systems, promoting weight gain, and controlling heart disease, asthma, and skin conditions.

Latex: Applied locally to ulcers, sores, yaws, the hollow of an ach­ing tooth, to mature abscesses or boils, to kill maggots in wounds of cattle, and to draw out thorns and splinters.

Sap: Applied to sores to stimulate healing; mixed with sesame oil and swabbed inside the ear to treat earache.

Bark, Sap, Leaf: Used in treatments for fever, weakness, paralysis, sores, aches, pains, and gastric problems including dysentery.

Leaf: Used in poultices; green leaves applied to back or dried leaves burned under beds to induce lacteal secretion; infusion of young leaves taken in the morning helpful in cases of beri-beri; leaf tips are taken with roasted coconut to treat stomatitis. Tender leaves are wilted over heat, crushed, and  applied to infected sores to accelerate healing.

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Origin:
Throughout moist regions of India, especially in West Bengal and west coast forests of southern India.

Action:
Bark—febrifuge, antiperiodic, spasmolytic, antidysenteric, uterine stimulant, hypotensive; used for internal fevers.

Nota bibliográfica (en)

1) DeFilipps, Robert A.; Krupnick, Gary A. / PhytoKeys, v. 102. - - p. 1 - 314,  2018.

2) Khare, C.P./ Indian Medicinal Plants. -- Nueva Dheli: Springer, 2007 . - p. 836.

Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br.
Término aceptado: 15-Jul-2019