Blepharocalyx salicifolius (H. B. K) Berg

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Hojas.

ACCION FARMACOLOGICA= Pharmacological action: Astringente, antidiarréico.

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: The oil of Blepharocalyx salicifolius (Humb., Bonpl. et Kunth) Berg. (Myrtaceae) was analyzed by gas chromatography employing modified cyclodextrins as chiral stationary phases. The major compounds were identified as 1,8-cineole (45.8%), (-)-beta-pinene (12.3%), (+)-limonene (7.9%), (-)-limonene (3.96%), myrcene (3.06%), (-)-alpha-pinene (2.40%), (+)-alpha-pinene (1.80%) and (S)-linalool (1.33%). © 1999 Allured Publishing Corp.

ZONA GEOGRAFICA= Geografical zone: Brasil, Uruguay. 

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Summary
Blepharocalyx tweediei (Myrtaceae) is a medium sized treelet that grows by the riverbanks of the Plate River basin in Argentina, Uruguay and Southern Brazil. Known by the common name of anacahuita, the leaves are reputed as a treatment of respiratory diseases, amongst others. However, and in spite of its widely accepted medicinal use, the pharmacological properties of anacahuita have not been studied to date. From a phytochemical point of view, the essential oil has been fully characterised, and could be involved in the anti cough properties claimed for this species.

Parte utilizada
Se emplea la hoja.

Nota bibliográfica

1) GONZALEZ, Matías ; LOMBARDO, Atilio ; VALLARINO, Aida. Plantas de la medicina vulgar del Uruguay. Montevideo : Talleres Gráficos, 1937, pp.22-23.

2) MOREIRA, J.J.S., et al. Volatile constituents composition of Blepharocalyx salicifolius leaf oil. Journal of Essential Oil Research. 1999, vol.11, nº1, p.45-48.

3) ALONSO, Jorge ; DESMARCHELIER, Cristian. Plantas medicinales autóctonas de la Argentina : bases científicas para su aplicación en atención primaria de la salud.  Buenos Aires: L.O.L.A, 2005, p. 63.

4) Plantas medicinales autóctonas de la Argentina. Bases científicas para su aplicación en atención primaria de la salud / Jorge Alonso y Cristian Jorge Desmarchelier. - 1a ed. - Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires: Corpus Libros Médicos y Científicos, 2015.

Blepharocalyx salicifolius (H. B. K) Berg
Término aceptado: 15-Nov-2007