Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms-Lamb

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Hojas, flores.

ACCIÓN FARMACOLÓGICA= Pharmacological action: Refrescante (hojas), febrífugo, diurético.

ZONA GEOGRÁFICA= Geografical zone: Paraguay, Argentina. 

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs:

The potential of Eichornia crassipes to serve as a phytoremediation plant in the cleaning up of metals from contaminated coastal areas was evaluated in this study. Ten metals, As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, V and Zn were assessed in water and the plant roots and shoots from the coastal area of Ondo State, Nigeria and the values were used to evaluate the enrichment factor (EF) and translocation factor (TF) in the plant. The critical concentrations of the metals were lower than those specified for hyperaccumulators thus classifying the plant as an accumulator but the EF and TF revealed that the plant accumulated toxic metals such as Cr, Cd, Pb and As both at the root and at the shoot in high degree, which indicates that the plant that forms a large biomass on the water surface and is not fed upon by animals can serve as a plant for both phytoextraction and rhizofiltration in phytoremediation technology. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Nota de alcance (en)

Leaf: The French Guiana Wayapi prepare the inflated petioles in a decoction for a febrifuge bath, and eat the petioles as an antidiarrhoeic.


Native to tropical South America; naturalized all over India.

Flower—antifungal. Used in skin diseases.

Wrongly equated with Jalakumbhi (Pistia stratiotes Linn., Tropical Duckweed.)

Nota bibliográfica

1) 270 (doscientos setenta) plantas medicinales iberoamericanas. Santiago de Bogotá : CYTED-SECAB, 1995, pp.454-455.

2) AGUNBIADE, F.O.; OLUOWOLABI, B.I.; ADEBOWALE, K.O. Phytoremediation potential of Eichornia crassipes in metal-contaminated coastal water. Bioresource Technology. 2009, vol.100, nº19, p.4521-4526.

3) ALONSO, Jorge ; DESMARCHELIER, Cristian. Plantas medicinales autóctonas de la Argentina : bases científicas para su aplicación en atención primaria de la salud.  Buenos Aires: L.O.L.A, 2005, p. 22.

4) Robertt, A., et al.. Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana)/Smithsonian NMNH. cited online: 17-08-2017

5) Khare, C.P./ Indian Medicinal Plants. -- Nueva Dheli: Springer, 2007 . - p. 836.

Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms-Lamb
Término aceptado: 19-Nov-2007