Galium aparine L.

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Zumo de las hojas.

ACCION FARMACOLOGICA= Pharmacological action: Hepático, hidropesía (edema o retención de líquidos en los tejidos).

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: Acids: Caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, gallic acid, p-hydroxy-benzoic acid, salicylic acid, citric acid. Coumarins: Unspecified. Scopoletin and unmbelliferone reported for related species Galium cruciata and Galium tauricum. Iridoids: Asperuloside (rubichloric acid), monotropein. Tannins: Unspecified; gallic acid is usually associated with hydrolysable tannins. Other constituents: Alkanes (C19-C31), flavonoids. Other plant parts: Anthraquinones have been documented for the roots, butnot for the aerial parts.

ZONA GEOGRAFICA= Geografical zone: Región boreal templada. 

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs:

Protox inhibitors are applied as foliar sprays, thus causing very rapid cellular collapse and desiccation of many troublesome weeds in the presence of light. In many respects, they appear to be ideal herbicides, because they act rapidly and do not harm mammals under normal conditions. The main limitation to their widespread adoption is that few crops are naturally resistant to them. Crop tolerance has mainly been pursued with the synthesis of the cyclic imide classes containing 5- and 6-membered heterocycles, including pyrazole, pyridazine, 1,2,4-triazine, triazolinone and trifluoromethyluracil derivatives. Because of their structural novelties and biological performance, active investigations on heterocyclic protox inhibitors have been carried out in our laboratories and we have found 3-arylpyrroles to be a new class of light-activated, membrane-disrupting herbicides. They are active on both grass and broadleaf weeds at low rates. The synthesis and structure-activity relationships are presented. © 2004 Society of Chemical Industry.

Nota de alcance (en)

Origins: Rich woods, thickets, seashores, waste ground, and shady areas

Uses: The U. S. Dispensatory lists the plant as an anti-scorbutic. The herb is also a diuretic, tonic, astringent, antispasmodic; and it is used to treat inflammation of the kidneys and bladder. The seeds are used as a coffee substitute in Sweden; and the dried plant is used as a tea in some countries.

Nota bibliográfica

1) GONZALEZ, Matías ; LOMBARDO, Atilio ; VALLARINO, Aida. Plantas de la medicina vulgar del Uruguay. Montevideo : Talleres Gráficos, 1937. p. 17.

2) NEWALL, Carol A. ; ANDERSON, Linda A. ; PHILLIPSON, J. David. Herbal Medicines : a guide for health-care professionals. Londres : The pharmaceutical press, 1996, p. 78.

3) MEAZZA, G , et al. Synthesis and herbicidal activity of novel heterocyclic protoporphyrinogen oxidase inhibitors. Pest Management Science. 2004, vol.60, nº12, p.1178-1188.

4) A guide to medicinal plants of Appalachia/ Krochmal, Arnold; Walter, Russel S.; Doughty, Richard M.: USA: U.S.D.A Forest Service:,1959

Galium aparine L.
Término aceptado: 22-Nov-2007