Solanum commersonii Dun ex Poiret

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Tubérculos, hojas.

ACCIÓN FARMACOLÓGICA= Pharmacological action: Purgante (tubérculos), antiblenorrágico (hojas) (que contrarresta la blenorragia o gonorrea).

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: Five glycoalkaloids were identified from the aerial parts of wild Solanum commersonii Dun. ex Poir growing in Uruguay and their structures elucidated mainly by chemical and spectroscopic methods. In addition to the already known commersonine, demissine, tomatine and dehydrocommersonine, a new glycoalkaloid, identified as Δ5-demissine, solanid -5-en-3-O-{beta-D-Glcp-(1- - >2)-[beta-D-Xylp-(1- - >3)]-beta-D-Glcp-(1- - >4)-betaD-Galp} was found. Tomatine and dehydrocommersonine have not been reported earlier as components of this plant. The glycoalkaloid composition found in the wild plants studied differ significatively from those described earlier, and have some implications in taxonomy and its use in potato breeding.

ZONA GEOGRÁFICA= Geografical zone: S de Brasil, Uruguay y NE de Argentina. 

Nota bibliográfica

1) TOURSARKISSIAN, Martín. Plantas medicinales de Argentina : sus nombres botánicos, vulgares, usos y distribución geográfica. Buenos Aires : Hemisferio Sur, 1980, p. 125.

2) VAZQUEZ A., et al. Glycoalkaloids of Solanum commersonii Dun. ex Poir. Euphytica. 1997, vol.95, nº2, p.195-201.

Solanum commersonii Dun ex Poiret
Término aceptado: 05-Dic-2007