Cicer arietinum L

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Semillas, hojas.

ACCION FARMACOLOGICA= Pharmacological action: Diurético, contra los cálculos de la vejiga.

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: Chemicals ALANINE Seed 8,280 - 9,360 ppm DUKE1992A; ARGININE Seed 11,500 - 20,560 ppm DUKE1992A; ASCORBIC-ACID Seed 30 - 56 ppm DUKE1992A; ASH Seed 24,000 - 28,900 ppm DUKE1992A; ASPARTIC-ACID Seed 22,700 - 25,660 ppm DUKE1992A; BETA-CAROTENE Seed 0.4 - 0.5 ppm DUKE1992A; CALCIUM Seed 1,020 - 1,220 ppm DUKE1992A; CARBOHYDRATES Seed 606,600 - 685,700 ppm DUKE1992A; COPPER Seed 8 - 10 ppm DUKE1992A; CYSTINE Seed 2,470 - 2,930 ppm DUKE1992A; FAT Seed 59,000 - 69,750 ppm DUKE1992A; FIBER Seed 38,900 - 48,570 ppm DUKE1992A; FOLACIN Seed 5 - 6 ppm DUKE1992A; GLUTAMIC-ACID Seed 33,600 - 38,150 ppm DUKE1992A; GLYCINE Seed 8,030 - 9,075 ppm DUKE1992A; HISTIDINE Seed 4,620 - 6,000 ppm DUKE1992A; IRON Seed 61 - 72 ppm DUKE1992A; ISOLEUCINE Seed 8,280 - 10,320 ppm DUKE1992A; KILOCALORIES Seed 2,550 - 4,114 /kg DUKE1992A ; LEUCINE Seed 11,520 - 15,530 ppm DUKE1992A; LINOLEIC-ACID Seed 25,930 - 29,310 ppm DUKE1992A; LINOLENIC-ACID Seed 1,010 - 1,140 ppm DUKE1992A ; LYSINE Seed 12,910 - 14,595 ppm DUKE1992A; MAGNESIUM Seed 1,110 - 1,348 ppm DUKE1992A ; MANGANESE Seed 21 - 26 ppm DUKE1992A ; METHIONINE Seed 2,320 - 2,860 ppm DUKE1992A; MUFA Seed 13,580 - 15,350 ppm DUKE1992A ; MYRISTIC-ACID Seed 90 - 100 ppm DUKE1992A; NIACIN Seed 15 - 18 ppm DUKE1992A; OLEIC-ACID Seed 13,460 - 15,215 ppm DUKE1992A; OXALIC-ACID Seed 24 ppm; DUKE1992A; PALMITIC-ACID Seed 5,010 - 5,665 ppm DUKE1992A; PALMITOLEIC-ACID Seed 120 - 135 ppm DUKE1992A ; PANTOTHENIC-ACID Seed 15 - 18 ppm DUKE1992A ; PHENYLALANINE Seed 10,340 - 12,290 ppm DUKE1992A; PHOSPHORUS Seed 3,540 - 4,275 ppm DUKE1992A ; PHYTOSTEROLS Seed 350 - 395 ppm DUKE1992A ; POTASSIUM Seed 8,460 - 10,220 ppm DUKE1992A ; PROLINE Seed 7,970 - 16,530 ppm DUKE1992A ; PROTEIN Seed 191,000 - 220,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; PUFA Seed 26,940 - 30,450 ppm DUKE1992A ; RIBOFLAVIN Seed 2 - 3 ppm DUKE1992A ; SERINE Seed 9,730 - 11,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; SFA Seed 6,260 - 7,075 ppm DUKE1992A ; SODIUM Seed 220 - 310 ppm DUKE1992A ; STEARIC-ACID Seed 850 - 960 ppm DUKE1992A ; THIAMIN Seed 4 - 6 ppm DUKE1992A ; THREONINE Seed 7,160 - 8,090 ppm DUKE1992A; TRYPTOPHAN Seed 1,850 - 4,970 ppm DUKE1992A ; TYROSINE Seed 4,790 - 5,415 ppm DUKE1992A ; VALINE Seed 8,090 - 10,150 ppm DUKE1992A; VIT-B65-6 Seed: DUKE1992A ; WATER Seed 108,220 - 122,380 ppm DUKE1992A ; ZINC Seed 33 - 50 ppm DUKE1992A ; ppm = parts per million tr = trace

ZONA GEOGRAFICA= Geografical zone: Uruguay. 

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs:

It has been documented that the plant-specific NAC (for NAM, ATAF1,2 and CUC2) transcription factors play an important role in plant development and stress responses. In this study, a chickpea NAC gene CarNAC5 (for Cicer arietinum L. NAC gene 5) was isolated from a cDNA library from chickpea leaves treated by polyethylene glycol (PEG). CarNAC5, as a single/low copy gene, contained three exons and two introns within genomic DNA sequence and encoded a polypeptide with 291 amino acids. CarNAC5 protein had a conserved NAC domain in the N-terminus and showed high similarity to other NACs, especially ATAF subgroup members. The CarNAC5:GFP fusion protein was localized in the nucleus of onion epidermal cells. Furthermore, CarNAC5 protein activated the reporter genes LacZ and HIS3 in yeast. The transactivation activity was mapped to the C-terminal region. The transcripts of CarNAC5 appeared in many chickpea tissues including seedling leaves, stems, roots, flowers, seeds and pods, but mostly accumulated in flowers. Meanwhile, CarNAC5 was strongly expressed during seed maturation and in embryos of the early germinating seeds. It was also significantly induced by drought, heat, wounding, salicylic acid (SA), and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) treatments. Our results suggest that CarNAC5 encodes a novel NAC-domain protein and acts as a transcriptional activator involved in plant developmental regulation and various stress responses. © 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Nota de alcance (en)

Origin:
Cultivated in most parts of India.

Action:
Antibilious, hypocholesteremic, antihyperlipidemic, antistress.
Acid exudate from the plant—used in indigestion, diarrhoea, dysentery.
Seed coat extract—diuretic, antifungal (externally).
Dry leaf—refrigerant.

Nota bibliográfica

1) GONZALEZ, Matías ; LOMBARDO, Atilio ; VALLARINO, Aida.-- Plantas de la medicina vulgar del Uruguay.-- Montevideo : Talleres Gráficos, 1937, p.64.

2) Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases [en línea]. [Consulta: 27 de Noviembre, 2008 ] Disponible en: http://www.ars-grin.gov/duke/

3) Peng, H. Cheng, et al. Characterization of a chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) NAC family gene, CarNAC5, which is both developmentally- and stress-regulated. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. Article in Press. 2009.

4) Khare, C.P./ Indian Medicinal Plants. -- Nueva Dheli: Springer, 2007 . - p. 836.

Cicer arietinum L
Término aceptado: 18-Dic-2007