Prunus avium L

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Corteza, pedunculo de los frutos.

ACCION FARMACOLOGICA= Pharmacological action: Astringente, para lavar heridas, llagas y herpes, como gargarismo descongestionante (corteza); digestiones y dolores de vientre (pedunculo de los frutos secados a la sombra).

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: En los pedúnculos se han descrito derivados salicílicos, sales potásicas, taninos y flavonoides. 

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs:

Three previously described highly polymorphic SSR (microsatellite) primer pairs were tested on 126 sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) accessions to adapt a fast, reliable method for preliminary screening of sweet cherry germplasm collections and to compare two sweet cherry germplasm collections: at the Latvia State Institute of Fruit-Growing, Dobele (LIFG-Dobele) and at the Division of Horticultural Genetics and Plant Breeding at Balsgård, Department of Crop Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU-Balsgård). The SSR loci were highly polymorphic with 4-10 different alleles and 5-18 genotypes. Heterozygosity values ranged from 0.431 to 0.809, gene diversity (PIC) values ranged from 0.400 to 0.753, and the discriminating power of each locus varied from 0.631 to 0.894. The combined discriminating power of all loci was highly effective (0.996). Sixteen identical accession groups with the same allele profile were discovered in both collections. This study demonstrated that SSR fingerprinting with the three primer pairs tested, can be used for preliminary characterization of sweet cherry germplasm collections. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Nota de alcance (en)


Native to Eurasia; cultivated in Kashmir, Kumaon and Himachal Pradesh.


Fruit stalks—diuretic, antiinflammatory, astringent, used for oedema, inflammation of urinary tract, cystitis, nephritis, urinary retention.

Nota bibliográfica

1) GONZALEZ, Matías ; LOMBARDO, Atilio ; VALLARINO, Aida. Plantas de la medicina vulgar del Uruguay. Montevideo : Talleres Gráficos, 1937, p.69.

2) Fitoterapia : vademecum de prescripción: plantas medicinales. 3ª. ed. Barcelona : Masson, 1999, p.184.

3) LACIS, G., et al. Assessment of genetic diversity of Latvian and Swedish sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) genetic resources collections by using SSR (microsatellite) markers. Scientia Horticulturae. 2009, vol.121, nº4, p.451-457.

4) Khare, C.P./ Indian Medicinal Plants. -- Nueva Dheli: Springer, 2007 . - p 521.

Prunus avium L
Término aceptado: 21-Dic-2007