Turnera afrodisiaca Ward.

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA=Used part: Hojas y tallos secos, recolectados durante la estación de floración.

ACCIÓN FARMACOLÓGICA=Pharmacological action: Afrodisíaca, tónico-energizante, digestiva, antidepresivo, eupéptico, laxante, ansiolítica, para tratar afecciones grastrointestinales, respiratorias y génito-urinaria, para tratar asma y bronquitis, para tratar enuresis, astringente, estimulante, efectiva en el tratamiento del abuso del alcohol, dispepsias, desórdenes del sistema nervioso, renales y estomacales, estimulante del apetito y la digestión, diurética, antisifilítica, antidiabética y antileucorréica.

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA=Chemical composition: Chemicals 1,8-CINEOLE Leaf 550 - 1,100 ppm DUKE1992A ; 5-HYDROXY-7,3',4-TRIMETHOXYFLAVONE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ALBUMINOIDS Leaf 150,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; ALPHA-COPAENE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ALPHA-PINENE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ALUMINUM Leaf 605 ppm; DUKE1992A ; ARBUTIN Leaf 7,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 983 ppm; DUKE1992A ; ASH Leaf 90,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; BETA-CAROTENE Leaf 71 ppm; DUKE1992A ; BETA-PINENE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; BETA-SITOSTEROL Plant: DUKE1992A ; CALAMENENE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; CALCIUM Leaf 18,100 ppm; DUKE1992A ; CARBOHYDRATES Leaf 738,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; CHLOROPHYLL Leaf 80,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; CHROMIUM Leaf 31 ppm; DUKE1992A ; COBALT Leaf 129 ppm; DUKE1992A ; DAMIANIN Leaf: DUKE1992A ; EO Leaf 5,000 - 10,000 ppm DUKE1992A ; FAT Leaf 45,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; FIBER Leaf 109,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; GAMMA-CADINENE Leaf: DUKE1992A ; GONZALITOSIN-I Branches: DUKE1992A ; GUM Branches 135,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; HEXACOSANOL-1 Branches: DUKE1992A ; IRON Leaf 880 ppm; DUKE1992A ; KILOCALORIES Leaf: DUKE1992A ; MAGNESIUM Leaf 2,040 ppm; DUKE1992A ; MANGANESE Leaf 54 ppm; DUKE1992A ; NIACIN Leaf: DUKE1992A ; P-CYMOL Leaf 100 - 200 ppm DUKE1992A ; PHOSPHORUS Leaf 1,150 ppm; DUKE1992A ; POTASSIUM Leaf 7,760 ppm; DUKE1992A ; PROTEIN Leaf 127,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; RESIN Branches 65,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; RIBOFLAVIN Leaf: DUKE1992A ; SELENIUM Leaf: DUKE1992A ; SILICON Leaf 41 ppm; DUKE1992A ; SODIUM Leaf 58 ppm; DUKE1992A ; STARCH Branches 60,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; TANNINS Leaf 35,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; THIAMIN Leaf 1.8 ppm; DUKE1992A ; THYMOL Leaf: DUKE1992A ; TIN Leaf 11 ppm; DUKE1992A ; TRIACONTANE Plant: DUKE1992A ; WATER Leaf 886,000 ppm; DUKE1992A ; ZINC Leaf: DUKE1992A ; ppm = parts per million tr = trace

ZONA GEOGRÁFICA=Geografical zone: Brasil, Argentina. 

Nota de alcance (en)

The infusion of the leaves is said to be an aphrodisiac and to increase sexual potency. An infusion of the whole plant is said to treat infertility in women. (Burlage 1968; González F. 1979; González S. 1979; Martínez 1969; Sánchez C. 1981; Uphof 1968; Vines 1960).

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Summary
Damiana (Turnera afrodisiaca – Turneraceae) is an American shrub that can be found in subtropical regions of the continent, including Mexico, Baja California, Texas, Antilles, Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina, and some regions of Africa (Namibia). Damiana is popularly used as an antidepressant, eupeptic, laxative, and aphrodisiac. Although this latter property has not yet been verified, the use of damiana during short periods of time as a tonic and energizing agent is perfectly acceptable. Some research has also focused on its action within the digestive and CNS.

Nota bibliográfica

1)ALONSO, Jorge ; DESMARCHELIER, Cristian.-- Plantas medicinales autóctonas de la Argentina : bases científicas para su aplicación en atención primaria de la salud.-- Buenos Aires : L.O.L.A, 2005, p.214-218.

2) Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases [en línea]. [Consulta: 03 de Diciembre, 2008 ] Disponible en: http://www.ars-grin.gov/duke/

3) Nicholson Michael S. ; Arzhennithe, Charles . Economic Botany. vol. 47 . --p. 184-192 1993

4) Plantas medicinales autóctonas de la Argentina. Bases científicas para su aplicación en atención primaria de la salud / Jorge Alonso y Cristian Jorge Desmarchelier. - 1a ed. - Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires: Corpus Libros Médicos y Científicos, 2015.

Turnera afrodisiaca Ward.
Término aceptado: 26-Dic-2007