Senecio pinnatus Poir.

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Hojas. 

ACCIÓN FARMACOLÓGICA= Pharmacological action: Anticefalálgico, antiofídico (hojas). 

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: Aerial parts of Senecio filaginoides yielded two new furanoeremophilane type sesquiterpenoids: 6α-acetyloxy-10βH-furanoeremophil-1-one, 1 and 6α-tiglinoyloxy-10βH-furanoerernophil-1-one, 2. Their structures have been elucidated by spectroscopic data. From roots and aerial parts of S. pinnatus 1α-hydroxy-6βangeloyloxy-10αH-furanoeremophil-9-one, 3 has been isolated. 

ZONA GEOGRÁFICA= Geografical zone: S de Brasil y E de Argentina. 

Nota de alcance

DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA Y MEJORAMIENTO DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants and improvement of medicinal herbs

Mitotic or meiotic chromosome numbers for 42 accessions belonging to 39 species of different genera of Asteraceae were determined. First chromosome counts are reported for one genus (Gymnocoronis), 14 species, and one variety. These are as follows: Solidago chilensis var. megapotamica (2n = 2x = 18), Chromolaena barbacensis (2n = 3x = 30), Chromolaena christieana (2n = 3x = 30), Chromolaena hirsuta (2n = 4x = 40), Chromolaena verbenacea (n = 20 II, 2n = 4x = 40), Disynaphia multicrenulata (2n = 2x = 20), Gymnocoronis spilanthoides var. subcordata (2n = 2x = 20), Mikania thapsoides (2n = 4x = 68), Stevia commixta (2n = 2x = 22), Porophyllum brevifolium (2n = 4x = 44), Viguiera rojasii (2n = 2x = 34), Pterocaulon angustifolium (2n = 2x = 20), Gochnatia haumaniana (2n = 4x = 44), Senecio ostenii (2n = 4x = 40), Senecio pinnatus (2n = 8x = 80), and Lepidaploa amambaia (2n = 2x = 28). Chromosome numbers differing from those reported previously in the literature were found in Campuloclinium macrocephalum (2n = 2x = 20), Melanthera latifolia (2n = 4x = 60), Chrysolaena flexuosa (2n = 2x = 20), and Cyrtocymura cincta (2n = 4x = 40). The relevance of the results is discussed in relation to the available data for each of the analysed taxa. © 2007 The Linnean Society of London. 

Nota bibliográfica

1) TOURSARKISSIAN, Martín. Plantas medicinales de Argentina : sus nombres botánicos, vulgares, usos y distribución geográfica. Buenos Aires : Hemisferio Sur, 1980, 178p.

2) DE SALMERON, M.S.A.; KAVKA, J.; GIORDANO, O.S. Furanoeremophilanes in Senecio filaginoides and S. pinnatus. Planta Médica . 1983, vol.47, nº4, p.221-223.
 
3) DEMATTEIS, M.; et al. Chromosome studies on some Asteraceae from South America. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society . 2007, vol.153, nº2, p.221-230.

Senecio pinnatus Poir.
Término aceptado: 10-Ago-2007