Pectis odorata Griseb.

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Planta entera. 

ACCIÓN FARMACOLÓGICA= Pharmacological action: Antitísico, digestivo. 

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: The investigation of A. tenuifolia yielded in addn. to widespread compds. the pseudoguajanolides peruvin and cumanin. The structures were elucidated by high field 1H NMR spectroscopy and some chem. transformations. The configurations were detd. by NOE difference spectroscopy P. odorata gave D-perillaldehyde, sitosterol, stigmasterol and a thymol deriv.

ZONA GEOGRÁFICA= Geografical zone: Argentina. 

Nota de alcance

ÚLTIMOS AVANCES EN LA QUÍMICA Y ACTIVIDADES BACTERIOLÓGICAS EN LAS PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants, last advances on chemistry and bacteria activities on the medicinal herbs

1) The aim of this work was to evaluate the antibacterial and antifungal activity of essential oils obtained from medicinal plants of the Argentine Republic.  The antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of 14 plants collected from different zones was analyzed.  The microorganisms used were Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus cereus, Micrococcus luteus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella sp., Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the yeast Candida albicans.  The disk diffusion method was performed to test antimicrobial activity.  B. cereus and S. aureus were inhibited by most of the essential oils.  Aloysia triphylla, Psila spartoides, and Anemia tomentosa were the most effective compds. against B. cereus, while A. triphylla and Baccharis flabellata were effective against S. aureus.  None of the oils inhibited P. aeruginosa.  B. flabellata and Pectis odorata were active only against Gram-pos. bacteria.  A. triphylla and P. spartoides inhibited all tested microorganism, and the remaining essential oils showed variable activity.  The min. inhibitory concn. (MIC) of A. triphylla and P. spartoides essential oils were detd. using the disk diffusion method.  The lowest MICs were against S. aureus (1/16), B. cereus (1/16), S. epidermidis (1/8), and C. albicans (1/32) for A. triphylla.  The lowest MICs were against S. aureus (1/32), B. cereus (1/32), P. mirabilis (1/32), and C. albicans (1/64) with P. spartoides.  The results showed that B. cereus and S. aureus were the most sensitive microorganisms, and P. aeruginosa was the most resistant microorganism.  This study may contribute to improve ethnobotanical knowledge and would help to discover substances with potential therapeutical uses, as food preservants or as food-borne pathogen inhibitors.

Nota bibliográfica

1) TOURSARKISSIAN, Martín. Plantas medicinales de Argentina : sus nombres botánicos, vulgares, usos y distribución geográfica. Buenos Aires : Hemisferio Sur, 1980, p. 35.

Pectis odorata Griseb.
Término aceptado: 27-May-2008