Chrysanthemum parthenium

Nota de alcance

PARTE UTILIZADA= Used part: Las flores frescas o secas, y las hojas y extremidades,

ACCIÓN FARMACOLÓGICA= Pharmacological action: Tónica, estomacal, emenagoga, vermífuga y repelente.

POSOLOGÍA= Posology: Dolores de la regla y, a la vez, regulador. Poner en infusión 9 cabezuelas (4g) con 125 cm cubicos de agua durante 10 minutos. Tomar en ayunas 1 vez durante la menstruación.

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA= Chemical composition: Contiene una sustancia amarga, un aceite esencial, que lleva un compuesto de alcanfor levógiro y terpenol, así como cera y azúcar, en pequeñas cantidades.

ZONA GEOGRÁFICA= Geografical zone: Caminos de Santiago.

Nota de alcance

ÚLTIMOS AVANCES EN LA QUÍMICA Y ACTIVIDADES BACTERIOLÓGICAS EN LAS PLANTAS MEDICINALES= Medicinal plants, last advances on chemistry and bacteria activities on the medicinal herbs

1) The air-dried flowers of Chrysanthemum parthenium (L.) Bernh. were subjected to hydrodistn. for 3 h using a Clevenger type app.  The essential oil was analyzed by GC and GC-MS.  Nineteen components were characterized, representing 98.9 % of the total components detected.  The oil of the major constituents was identified as camphor (61.1 %), camphene (9.2 %), farnesol (4.6 %), bornyl acetate (3.5 %), chrysanthenon (3.1 %), and borneol (2.9 %).  Antibacterial activity was tested against Gram-pos. and Gram-neg. bacteria using the agar diffusion method.  Activity was obsd. against two Gram-pos. and one Gram- neg. bacteria.

2) The aerial parts of Acacia saligna (Fam. Leguminosae), Chrysanthemum coronarium and C. parthenium (Fam. Compositae) were exhaustively extd. with ethanol (90%) and fractionated into coumarin and unsaponifiable fractions.  The coumarin fraction of Acacia saligna led to the isolation of xanthotoxin, bergapten , isopimpinellin and scopoletin, whereas a mixt. of steroidal components viz a-spinasterol (V), b-spinasterol, b-sitosterol and stigmasterol were isolated from the unsaponifiable fraction and identified using GLC.  From the coumarin fraction of Chrysanthemum coronarium herniarin, scopoletin and aesculetin were isolated, whereas a mixt. of steroidal components campesterol, cholesterol , b-sitosterol and stigmasterol were isolated from the unsaponifiable fraction and identified using GLC.  Also, the coumarin fraction of C. parthenium led to the isolation of umbelliferone and marmesin, whereas campesterol, cholesterol, b-sitosterol and stigmasterol were isolated from the unsaponifiable fraction and identified using GLC.  Water and ethanolic exts. of the three plants showed potent molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria alexandrina snails.

Nota bibliográfica

1) ALFARO, Txumari, Plantas y remedios naturales de los caminos de santiago. Barcelona: B.S.A. 2008, p. 144

2) SHAFAGHAT, Ali; LARIJANI, Kambiz; SALIMI, Farshid.  Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Chrysanthemum parthenium flower from Iran.  Journal of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants  (2009),  12(6),  708-713.     

3)  AHMED, Kh. M., et al. Constituents and molluscicidal activity of the aerial parts of Acacia saligna, Chrysanthemum coronarium and Chrysanthemum parthenium.  Bulletin of the National Research Centre (Egypt)  (1999),  24,  13-25.        

Chrysanthemum parthenium
Término aceptado: 09-May-2013